Table of Contents
Facts About Chandrayaan 3
Facts About Chandrayaan 3: In the vast, mysterious expanse of space, our celestial neighbor, the Moon, has always captivated our imaginations. India, known for its remarkable achievements in space exploration, continues to be a beacon of inspiration in the global scientific community. One of its latest endeavors, Chandrayaan 3, is set to make history and reshape our understanding of lunar exploration.
This article is your portal to the remarkable facts that define Chandrayaan 3. Join us on a voyage into the heart of this lunar mission, as we unveil the intricacies of its objectives, advanced technologies, and the scientific wonders it holds.
- Follow-Up Mission: Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-on mission to Chandrayaan-2, India’s second lunar exploration mission.
- Safe Landing and Roving: The primary objective of Chandrayaan-3 is to demonstrate end-to-end capability in safe landing and roving on the lunar surface.
- Lander and Rover Configuration: The mission consists of a Lander and Rover configuration, both designed to explore and conduct experiments on the lunar surface.
- Launch Vehicle: Chandrayaan-3 will be launched into space by the LVM3 (GSLV Mk III) launch vehicle from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR in Sriharikota, India.
- Propulsion Module: A propulsion module is responsible for carrying the Lander and Rover configuration to a lunar orbit 100 kilometers above the lunar surface.
- SHAPE Payload: The propulsion module includes the Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE) payload, which is designed to study the spectral and polarimetric measurements of Earth from the lunar orbit.
- Lander Payloads: The Lander is equipped with various scientific payloads, including Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) to measure thermal properties, Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) for seismic measurements, and Langmuir Probe (LP) to study plasma density. It also carries a passive Laser Retroreflector Array from NASA for lunar laser ranging studies.
- Rover Payloads: The Rover is equipped with the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS) to analyze the elemental composition of the lunar surface.
- Mission Objectives: Chandrayaan-3 has three main mission objectives: to demonstrate safe and soft landing on the lunar surface, to showcase Rover roving on the Moon, and to conduct in-situ scientific experiments.
- Advanced Technologies: The mission employs advanced technologies, including altimeters, velocimeters, inertial measurement systems, a sophisticated propulsion system, navigation and guidance systems, hazard detection, and more, to achieve its goals.
- Launch Vehicle: The launcher identified for Chandrayaan-3 is LVM3 M4, which will place the integrated module in an Elliptic Parking Orbit (EPO) before its journey to the Moon.
- Testing on Earth: Before its lunar journey, Chandrayaan-3 underwent rigorous testing on Earth, including integrated cold tests, integrated hot tests, and tests of the landing leg mechanism on lunar simulant test beds.
- Indigenous Development: Chandrayaan-3 consists of an indigenous Lander module (LM), Propulsion module (PM), and a Rover. This highlights India’s capability in developing and demonstrating new technologies required for interplanetary missions.
- Soft Landing Capability: The Lander module has the capability to perform a soft landing at a specified lunar site. This is a significant technological achievement as soft landings are crucial for the safety of lunar missions.
- Scientific Payloads: Both the Lander and Rover are equipped with scientific payloads to carry out experiments on the lunar surface. These experiments will provide valuable data about the Moon’s composition, geology, and environment.
- Launch Vehicle GSLV Mk III: Chandrayaan-3 will be launched into space by the GSLV Mk III launch vehicle, often referred to as “Bahubali” due to its impressive payload capacity.
- Mission Objectives Detail:
- Safe and Soft Landing: The mission aims to demonstrate the ability to safely land on the lunar surface, a challenging task in space exploration.
- Rover Roving: Chandrayaan-3 will showcase the Rover’s mobility on the Moon, allowing it to explore different regions and terrains.
- In-situ Scientific Experiments: The mission will conduct various experiments directly on the lunar surface, including chemical analysis and seismic measurements.
- Advanced Technologies on Earth: To demonstrate advanced technologies in Earth conditions, several special tests have been planned and successfully carried out. These tests include integrated cold tests and integrated hot tests, among others.
- Launcher and Orbit: The launcher identified for Chandrayaan-3 is LVM3 M4, and it will place the integrated module in an elliptic parking orbit (EPO) before it embarks on its journey to the Moon.
- Future Lunar Exploration: Chandrayaan-3 is a crucial step in India’s lunar exploration journey. It not only contributes to scientific knowledge but also paves the way for future lunar missions and collaborations with international space agencies.
Chandrayaan-3 represents India’s dedication to lunar exploration and scientific research, and it holds the promise of contributing valuable data and insights to our understanding of the Moon and space exploration as a whole.
Will Chandrayaan-3 return to Earth?
No, Chandrayaan-3 is not designed to return to Earth; it is a lunar mission focused on exploring and conducting experiments on the Moon’s surface.
What did Chandrayaan-3 discover?
Chandrayaan-3’s discoveries include valuable insights into the Moon’s composition, thermal properties, seismic activity, and plasma density, advancing our understanding of Earth’s celestial neighbor.
How long will Chandrayaan-3 stay on moon?
Chandrayaan-3 is planned to remain on the Moon for approximately 14 days, conducting vital experiments and collecting valuable data during its lunar sojourn.
Is Chandrayaan 3 a success or failure?
Chandrayaan 3’s success was exemplified by its flawless landing on the moon’s challenging south pole, marking a significant milestone in India’s lunar exploration journey.
How Chandrayaan 3 will help India?
Chandrayaan 3 will bolster India’s position in space exploration and scientific research, advancing our understanding of the Moon while fostering technological innovation.